Pooling substation

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Pooling substation

The rate of CGST on the supply being made under the contract referred to in para 3. This work involves, inter alia, the work of internal evacuation infrastructure. At present the applicant has entered into a contract with RUMS for:. The contract allotted to Vihan Enterprises is for a work which is part of evacuation infrastructure being exclusively for Solar Power, for a Solar Park and is being developed by Solar Project Park Developer.

The question on which advance ruling sought is as follows. The matter was taken up for hearing on Limited and requested that the documents be taken into record and reiterated their submissions made in the application. In support of this contention, the applicant refers to SI. Notification No. We have perused the contents of the agreement between the applicant and RUMS, more specifically the scope of work in the agreement at para 4 of the agreement.

On a reading of the scope of work, it is clear that the work involves both supply of goods and supply of services, which are naturally bundled.

Accordingly, the under this agreement, the applicant is providing a composite supply within the meaning of Section 2 of the CGST Act, The definition is as under:. Perusal of the agreements that the applicant has entered into with RUMS shows that the scope of work in all the three agreements are identical, accordingly, all the three agreements shall have the same classification for the purpose of taxation under the GST Laws.

Further, we concur with the submission of the applicant regarding applicability of SI. The relevant para of the Notification is as under:. It is seen that Notification No. Under para3, clause x for Composite supply of works contract as defined in clause of section 2 of the CGST Act, provided by a sub-contractor to the main contractor providing services specified in item vii above to the CG, SG, UT, a local authoritya Governmental Authority or a Government Entity.

Under para3, clause xi for Services by way of house-keepingsuch as plumbing, carpenting, etc.

None of the above activities are contemplated in the scope of work under the agreement entered into by the applicant with RUMS.

It is notable that under the CGST and SGST Acts, Rules and Notifications issued till the date of making of the application, no provision has been made for carving out an exception in case of supply of service in the nature of a Works Contract for creating infrastructure which is to be exclusively used for Solar Power or in a Solar Park for or by a Solar Project Park Developer.

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Goods and Services Tax Judiciary. Condition 3 Heading Construction services ii composite supply of works contract as defined in clause of section 2 of Central Goods and Services Tax Act, Facts of the case as per the Applicant: 3. Record of personal hearing — The matter was taken up for hearing on Discussing and findings: 6.A substation that is smaller than the average substation.

pooling substation

A substation converts electric power from one voltage to another. In air insulated substation air is used for insulation whether gas insulated substation SF6 gas is used for insulation. In my line of work that is an Electrical High Voltage substation that is brand new.

It is being built from a green field into an energized fully functional substation yard. There is no existing substation or remodeling of an existing one being done.

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Pooling regards to putting together and aggregation of capital, objects and human resources. A substation is not a load but is a place where switching and voltage-level changing takes place.

Accordingly, you cannot apply a 'power factor' to a substation. Air insulated substation means air acts as the dielectric medium but in case of gas insulated substation SF6 is the dielectric medium.

Gas insulated substations are having more advantages than air insulated substations. Ground clearance in a substation is the distance between wires and the ground or other objects such as buildings. Sectional clearance is the distance between the wires themselves in a substation. Manpower pooling is an employment term. It means to pool together a line-up of job applicants for consideration in the future.

A grid substation is part of the electricity grid system -i. What is the basis for the concept of risk pooling? The basis for the concept of risk pooling is to share or reduce risks that no single member could absorb on their own.

Hence, risk pooling reduces a person or fim's exposure to financial loss by spreading the risk among many members or companies. Actuarial concepts used in risk pooling include: A. Prefabricated power distribution substation Its basically a whole 11kv substation but in one unit. It contains a transformer, ring main unit, fuse board and circuit breakers etc. It still uses as much space as a normal substation that houses a separate transformer, ring main unit etc but is easier to transport and is probably cheaper.

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Ask Login. Electrical Engineering. Asked by Wiki User. Top Answer. Wiki User Answered The Substation which comes power from the power plant know as pooling substation. Related Questions.This project was part of a MW order awarded to Hartek Power by a leading developer in October for solar grid connectivity projects spread across five states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Punjab and Bihar. The design team at Hartek optimised the entire group station, designed the entire group station at 11 KV level rather than 33 KV level to give a much more optimised design, which worked well for the customer in terms of cost-benefit analysis.

At 11 KV level, the cost of equipment and system goes down, as a result of which a more optimised design is created. There were 22 group stations of 2. The power from each group station was stepped up to KV and was fed to the main grid via power and control cables.

The power from each group station terminated at the main control room at the 11 KV medium voltage switchgear. The main grid was the termination point at which power was to be evacuated and fed to the government substation.

The main grid comprised a switchyard and the main control room, where all controls of the power plant were there. The main grid had two transformer bays and one line bay, and comprised the following major equipment:. The PTR holds the key and it determines the load also. The KV was coming from inverter transformer as explained above and its output was 11 KV, which was being distributed across.

Current and Potential Transformers: The most crucial and technical items are the CT AND PT, which play a dual role in the grid for measuring the current and voltage, respectively, and are also used for protecting the capital equipment. If the current or voltage goes beyond the limited value, the relay detects the fault and the breaker breaks the circuit, thus saving the plant from breakdown.

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The make used by Hartek Power was Mehru. Isolators: An isolator is fundamentally used to isolate the circuit when a fault occurs. There are two types of isolators, one with earth switch and the other without it. Hartek used Siemens-make isolators in its grid. Circuit Breaker: The circuit breaker is used to break the circuit when the fault occurs. The gas used in the circuit breaker is SF6 sulphur hexafluoride. SF6 is extensively used these days as an arc interrupting medium in circuit breakers ranging from 3 KV to KV class.

The gas is also used for electrical insulation in many cases. One of its key features is its high dielectric strength. Hartek used Siemens-make circuit breaker in its grid. Lightning Arrestor: It is used in electrical power systems to protect the insulation and conductors of the system from the damaging effects of lightning. It is fundamentally used at the starting and closing point before the power transformers. The other items used were structures, conductors, cables, wave trap, etc Main control room All the controls of the main grid were at main control room, which comprised the following equipment: KV medium voltage panels: There were in all 14 panels placed in the control room with seven panel boards each.

Each panel was being fed from the group station, each of 2. All the cable termination was done there. The control relay panel, as the name suggests, holds all the control system and relay in the panel.

pooling substation

A relay is basically used to detect the fault and save the power system from breakdown. PLCC panel: Since the entire automation was done by Hartek Power, a PLCC panel power line carrier communication is typically used to carry the signals to the main station so that data can be viewed and analysed.

Supervisory control and data acquisition is a system for remote monitoring and control that operates with codes signals over communication channels. The power through the main grid was fed back to the government substation via transmission line distance of 24 km.Hi, can you please explain the meaning of a pooling substation?

Is it different from other substations? Perhaps a substation that receives multiple inputs from individual sources or subsidiary substations. Normally this arrangement is done when this substation is located in generating station. For example, this substation is having kV bus with one incomer from generating power station. If there is no nearby grid substation to connect the generated power to grid, but only kV transmission line is going through that area from one substation to another substation, then that kV line will be connected to the kV bus of this generating power substation line IN and OUT arrangement.

Through this, generated power will be connected to kV grid power. New Post. Comments Format:. Subscribe to Discussion :. CR4 allows you to "subscribe" to a discussion so that you can be notified of new comments to the discussion via email. Rating Vote:. Score 1 Score 2 Score 3 Score 4 Score 5. Add Vote. Interested in this topic?

By joining CR4 you can "subscribe" to this discussion and receive notification when new comments are added. To keep your balance you must keep moving. Hope it helps! Thanks, Vijay. Copy to Clipboard Users who posted comments: B. Ask a Question Start a Discussion. Change Mode. Rate this. Comments: Nested. Register to Reply. Seems to be a made-up term Thank you. Electrical Engineering: Go.BetBull reserves the right to request additional proof of age and perform additional checks in order to verify the information provided.

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High Voltage 345 kV to 35 kV Substation Control House Peak

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For any players wishing to limit their gaming, BetBull offers the Self-exclusion option, which allows an Account Holder to close their account immediately for at least six months.Descriptive statistics is the term given to the analysis of data that helps describe, show or summarize data in a meaningful way such that, for example, patterns might emerge from the data.

Descriptive statistics do not, however, allow us to make conclusions beyond the data we have analysed or reach conclusions regarding any hypotheses we might have made. They are simply a way to describe our data.

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Descriptive statistics are very important because if we simply presented our raw data it would be hard to visulize what the data was showing, especially if there was a lot of it. Descriptive statistics therefore enables us to present the data in a more meaningful way, which allows simpler interpretation of the data.

For example, if we had the results of 100 pieces of students' coursework, we may be interested in the overall performance of those students. We would also be interested in the distribution or spread of the marks.

Descriptive statistics allow us to do this.

pooling substation

How to properly describe data through statistics and graphs is an important topic and discussed in other Laerd Statistics guides. Typically, there are two general types of statistic that are used to describe data:When we use descriptive statistics it is useful to summarize our group of data using a combination of tabulated description (i.

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We have seen that descriptive statistics provide information about our immediate group of data. For example, we could calculate the mean and standard deviation of the exam marks for the 100 students and this could provide valuable information about this group of 100 students. Any group of data like this, which includes all the data you are interested in, is called a population. A population can be small or large, as long as it includes all the data you are interested in.

For example, if you were only interested in the exam marks of 100 students, the 100 students would represent your population. Descriptive statistics are applied to populations, and the properties of populations, like the mean or standard deviation, are called parameters as they represent the whole population (i. Often, however, you do not have access to the whole population you are interested in investigating, but only a limited number of data instead. For example, you might be interested in the exam marks of all students in the UK.

It is not feasible to measure all exam marks of all students in the whole of the UK so you have to measure a smaller sample of students (e. Properties of samples, such as the mean or standard deviation, are not called parameters, but statistics.

Inferential statistics are techniques that allow us to use these samples to make generalizations about the populations from which the samples were drawn. It is, therefore, important that the sample accurately represents the population.

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The process of achieving this is called sampling (sampling strategies are discussed in detail here on our sister site). Inferential statistics arise out of the fact that sampling naturally incurs sampling error and thus a sample is not expected to perfectly represent the population.

The methods of inferential statistics are (1) the estimation of parameter(s) and (2) testing of statistical hypotheses. We have provided some answers to common FAQs on the next page.To NORMALIZE Your Blood Sugar In 21Days For Life, Click Here!!!.

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Na guess work, I can do better than this. How come there is no prediction about his court case of murdering worshippers. Blind predicting for the blind.

Just listen to the news and read the print medial on daily bases, but the gullible ones will still be flocking to the Synagogue of satan. People love deceit a lot and will pay anything to be deceived for that matter. These are not prophecies joooo. All said already exist in our subconscious.

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A prophecy should come with precision and not generalised statements. B Joshua releases alarming 2016 predictions January 1, 2016Premium Times Pastor T. Joshua sef Dazmillion na your fellow prophet Debaptist Joshua Bobo, playing reggae in the name of God tundemash Na guess work, I can do better than this.

Curseless Any buffoon can give this same predictions. Lukuti Absolute RESPECT Govnor2021 ondo state what will be will be my brother stop all this prophecy this prophecy that. Riot50000 LOL TB JOSHUA. Osakue If I be TB J. I for focus my predictions on the court case. Is the court case more important than life. The court case is man made.

All the predictions are more of common sense rather than prophecy from God. Send to Email Address Your Name Your Email Address jQuery( document ).

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